Epidemiology (Epi) is the field of medicine that deals with the control of communicable disease (reportable diseases), including outbreaks in the community. The Epidemiology Department of the Florida Department of Health in Brevard County is the instrumental prevention key in the following service areas:
- Investigating, intervening and monitoring the incidence/occurrence of illnesses in Brevard County. Investigation includes identifying an agent, source, time, mode of transmission and persons involved.
- Monitoring reportable diseases reported by health care professionals in Brevard County and assisting them in managing new and emerging infectious diseases.
- Providing education and consultation to health care professionals, community groups and individuals is an important function of the epidemiology team.
Download a copy of the Reportable Disease List for the types of diseases that must be reported to the Health Department.
- MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE
Meningococcal disease can refer to any illness that is caused by the type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus [muh-ning-goh-KOK-us]. These illnesses are often severe and include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia).
Meningococcus bacteria are spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions like spit (e.g., by living in close quarters, kissing). Meningococcal disease can be treated with antibiotics, but quick medical attention is extremely important. Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best defense against meningococcal disease.
To learn more about meningococcal disease, visit https://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/meningococcal-disease/index.html.
Monkeypox is a rare disease caused by a virus that occurs mostly in central and western Africa but also occurs in other parts of the world. The monkeypox virus can transmit from animals to humans. These animals include different African rodents and monkeys. Once a person becomes infected with the monkeypox virus, they can pass it to other people. Monkeypox is not a very contagious disease, and the risk for contracting monkeypox is generally low. Recently there has been an increase in human monkeypox infections in different parts of the world, including the US.
Monkeypox typically begins with flu-like symptoms (e.g., fever, chills, headache, tiredness, muscle aches) and swelling of the lymph nodes and progresses to a rash on the face and body. Duration of illness is usually 2 to 4 weeks.
Human-to-human transmission generally requires prolonged, face-to-face contact, direct contact with an active rash, or indirect contact with an active rash through contaminated items, such as contaminated clothing. Therefore, the risk of exposure remains low.
If you have a new or unexplained rash, sores, or other symptoms, see your healthcare provider.
To learn more about monkeypox, visit https://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/monkeypox/index.html.
- Disease Prevention Tips-Provides information on hand washing, hygiene, food preparation, and disinfection.
- Epi in Your Community-Provides Epi outreach information.
- Rabies Information-Everything you need to know about rabies and how to report an animal bite.
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