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Epidemiology

Epidemiology

*** Report diseases and conditions 24/7 by phone: 321-454-7101 ***

Epidemiology (Epi) is the field of medicine that deals with the control of communicable disease (reportable diseases), including outbreaks in the community. The Epidemiology Department of the Florida Department of Health in Brevard County is the instrumental prevention key in the following service areas:

  • Investigating, intervening and monitoring the incidence/occurrence of illnesses in Brevard County. Investigation includes identifying an agent, source, time, mode of transmission and persons involved.
  • Monitoring reportable diseases reported by health care professionals in Brevard County and assisting them in managing new and emerging infectious diseases.
  • Providing education and consultation to health care professionals, community groups and individuals is an important function of the epidemiology team.

Download a copy of the Reportable Disease List for the types of diseases that must be reported to the Health Department.

  • MENINGOCOCCAL DISEASE

Meningococcal disease can refer to any illness that is caused by the type of bacteria called Neisseria meningitidis, also known as meningococcus [muh-ning-goh-KOK-us]. These illnesses are often severe and include infections of the lining of the brain and spinal cord (meningitis) and bloodstream infections (bacteremia or septicemia).

Meningococcus bacteria are spread through the exchange of respiratory and throat secretions like spit (e.g., by living in close quarters, kissing). Meningococcal disease can be treated with antibiotics, but quick medical attention is extremely important. Keeping up to date with recommended vaccines is the best defense against meningococcal disease.

Meningococcal vaccinations are available at Florida Department of Health in Brevard County's three clinic sites in Titusville, Viera and Melbourne.

To learn more about meningococcal disease, visit https://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/meningococcal-disease/index.html.

Meningococcal Outbreak Fact Sheet

Epi Topics 

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